As of 2011 36 states and 2 territories have specific laws that criminalize HIV exposure and transmission through consensual sex, needle sharing, or through spitting and biting despite the fact that spitting and biting have not been shown to pose a significant risk of transmitting HIV.
PWN-USA Tools and Resources:
- PWN-USA Criminalization factsheet (PDF version)
- Women, HIV and Criminal HIV Exposure and Transmission Laws: American Bar Association Testimony, by Brook Kelly, October 2010
- Ending and Defending Against HIV Criminalization: A Manual for Advocates, vol. 1 – State and Federal Laws and Prosecutions, The Center for HIV Law & Policy and Positive Justice Project, Fall 2010
- Unjust, Unjustified and Just Unacceptable: HIV Criminalization’s Impact on Human Rights and Public Health, Lamda Legal and Center for HIV Law & Policy